Back to Previous Page

Bath system, Mohenjo-daro, Sindh, Pakistan (3300-2700 BC)

Artist/Designer: Designer Unknown

Project Location: India

Figure 1: Paved bathroom with outlet through the wall on the left. Mohenjo-daro civilisation ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 2: Sewer outlet from house. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 3: Tapered terracotta pipe. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 4: Typical street sewer with part of cover removed. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 5: Large brick-covered sewer in center of street. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 6: Brick-lined sump located at the end of a street. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )
Figure 7: Brick storm drain. ( Source | Accessed : February 19, 2020 | Photographer: Unknown )

Style/Period(s):
Vernacular

Primary Material(s):
Stone, Brick

Function(s):
Health Facility

Related Website(s):

Significant Date(s):
B.C.E

Additional Information:
In Mohenjodaro practically every house was connected to the sewer; practically every house had a bathroom, and practically every house had a water-flushed latrine. The bathroom was always placed on the street side of the building for convenient disposal of water. Between the bath and the street wall was the latrine. The bathroom and latrine were sometimes on the ground floor and sometimes on the floor above, in which case the water and human waste usually ran down a brick channel in the thickness of the wall. The spillways of these channels were stepped so that the water pouring down would not splash passengers in the street.

The bathroom itself was usually a smaller rectangular or square room with a sunken, carefully laid brick pavement, which sloped on one corner. In the corner was the outlet connected to the street sewer.

Publications/Texts in Print: Webster, Cedric. "The Sewers of Mohenjo-Daro." Journal (Water Pollution Control Federation) 34, no. 2 (1962): 116-23. www.jstor.org/stable/25034575.

Building Address: Present-day Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan
Significant Dates: 26–25th century BCE
Tags: Indus Valley Civilisation, Archeological sites, Sophisticated drain, and bath system.

Viewers should treat all images as copyrighted and refer to each image's links for copyright information.